Architecture in Scotland

The name of Scotland stirs thoughts of brilliant green marshes and castle towers rising from the mist. Yet the land is also known for its more contemporary architecture, and most especially for the design ideas of Charles Rennie Mackintosh. Begin your exploration of Scottish architecture here.

Must-See in Scotland:

  • St. Andrews, Scotland
    St. Andrews was the ecclesiastical center of medieval Scotland.
  • Edinburgh Castle
    Military fortress first occupied in 9th century BC.
  • Balmoral Castle
    Built for Queen Victoria and completed in 1856.
  • Stirling Castle
    Military fortress dating to the 12th century.
  • The Willow Tea Rooms, Glasgow, Scotland
    Designed by Charles Rennie Mackintosh.
  • House for an Art Lover, Glasgow, Scotland
    Designed by Charles Rennie Mackintosh in 1901, built in 1994.
  • Orkney World Heritage Site
    Neolithic stone circles, a chambered burial mound, a 5,000 year old village, and other mounds and sites.
  • Riverside Museum of Transport, Glasgow, Scotland
    Designed by Pritzker architect Zaha Hadid, the architecture alone is reason enough to visit this Clyde waterfront museum. And then there are all the trains, ships, and automobiles inside….

Famous Architects from Scotland:

  • Alexander Thomson (1817-1875)
    Noted for his adaptations of Greek Classical architecture to Victorian Scotland, especially the Caledonia Road Church in Glasgow, Thomson became known as “Greek Thomson.”
  • Charles Rennie Mackintosh (1868-1928)
    The celebrated Scottish architect and designer helped shape the Craftsman approach to building.

Important Ideas in Scotland:

  • The Scottish Enlightenment
    Jane Boyd-Brent discusses architecture of the “Scottish Enlightenment” of 18th century Edinburgh.

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