Architecture in the Middle East

Located in the cradle of civilization, the Middle East is home to historic temples and mosques, exquisite mosaics, and innovative modern construction.

Countries in the Middle East include:

  • Bahrain
  • Egypt
  • Iran
  • Iraq
  • Israel
  • Jordan
  • Kuwait
  • Lebanon
  • Oman
  • The Palestinian territories
  • Qatar
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Syria
  • Turkey
  • The United Arab Emirates
  • Yemen

Must-see in Jordan:

  • Petra, Jordan
    The strikingly beautiful desert city of Petra, Jordan was lost to the Western World from about the 14th century until the early 19th century.

Must-see in Jerusalem, Israel:

  • Dome of the Rock Mosque
    Built in the seventh century, the Dome of the Rock Mosque is the oldest surviving example of Islamic architecture and today remains one of the most beautiful.
  • Architecture in Jerusalem
    In Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, Jerusalem is a holy city and has many sacred buildings and sites.

Must-see in Dubai, United Arab Emirates:

  • Burj Khalifa, the Dubai Tower
    Dubai has been a showplace for innovative buildings, and the Burj Khalifa shatters world records for building height.
  • Emirates Towers
    Emirates Office Tower and its smaller sister, Jumeirah Emirates Towers Hotel, are also among the tallest buildings in the world.
  • Cayan Tower
    Opened in 2013, this twisted skyscraper in the Dubai Marina was also known as Infinity Tower.
  • Spectacular Hotels of Dubai

Must-see in Morocco:

  • Hassan II Mosque
    Largest religious monument in the world after Mecca.

Must-see in Turkey:

  • Hagia Sophia, Istanbul
    Christian and Islamic architecture combine.
  • Ancient Library of Celsus
    From the Roman Empire.

Must-see in Iran:

  • Kuwait National Assembly
    The Kuwait National Assembly by Jørn Utzon was damaged in 1991 when Iraqi troops set fire to the building. Since then, a 70 million dollar restoration was undertaken.

Must-see in Iraq:

  • Ishtar Gate
    Detailed reconstruction of the legendary gate to Babylon, built in 604 to 562 B.C.
  • Al Kadhimain Mosque
    Elaborate tilework covers the Al Kadhimain Mosque in Baghdad’s Al Kadhimain district.
  • Ancient City of Babylon

Must-see in Egypt:

  • Pyramids of Giza
    Wonders of the ancient world.

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